When testifying in support of or opposition to a proposed bill, testimony can be given orally or written. Typically, witnesses who give oral testimony will also turn in a one-page written testimony to accompany it though it is not required. Oral testimony is given to the whole committee during a bill hearing. Written testimony does not require speaking, but is included in the bill file. Written and oral testimony are given as a support or opposition statement during a bill’s assigned hearing.
Note: Written testimony must be turned in prior to the hearing. Each committee has its own deadlines and requirements. Find out how many copies are required for the committee that is hearing the bill. If fewer than the required copies are provided, or if the testimony comes in late, it will not be accepted.
Taking the steps to testify is not always easy, but your individual perspective and experiences are powerful as legislators weigh the impact of a bill.
For a sample written testimony, visit here.